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红色抗战著作《东方欲晓》英译、解析和导读。(9月开工)

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九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2017-06-30 08:17   只看该作者
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481楼

站在鸿远身边的白士吾,听出了是柳明的声音,蓦然,心脏好似停止了跳动,一阵天旋地转,冷汗从全身唰地流了下来这是柳明!这正是他爱过的那个柳明!她果然参加了八路军……如今自己当了特务,又当了俘虏,却在这个时候和她碰面,真是冤家路窄!他不敢抬头看,更不敢说话,只盼有条地缝钻了进去。这时,鸿远把那条牵着白士吾的粗麻绳交给自卫队员当中的一个,轻轻地说了句什么。那两个自卫队员把白士吾用力一拉,牵羊似的,牵到地里一个粪堆傍边去了。

“同志们,你们当中有不少人都认识这位曹鸿远同志吧?他刚从敌占区归来,听区干部说,今夜有部队要在这一带路过,他就带着这个捉来的大特务来迎接我们,给我们边区政府送来了一份上等礼品……”

没容岩烽说完,有认识鸿远的也有不认识的,呼啦一下子把他团团围在土路当中。

“小曹,小曹!你可回来啦!”王福来抢步向前,一把抓住鸿远的手,眼泪流着,笑着,“你身体还好吧?是你把白士吾那个坏小子给捉来啦?……太好啦!你就跟我们一块儿到平原去吧!”

“曹大哥……你好么?”王永泰想起曹鸿远因为“开小差”曾受到的指责,一时不知说什么好了,眼里饱噙着泪花。

“哎呀!哎呀!你们别把他围得这么紧呀!我还有柳明,我们还有话跟他们说呢。你们让开点儿吧!”苗虹说着,一把揪住鸿远的胳臂,把他从人堆里拉到离人群远些的大柳树下。随着苗虹走过来的柳明,心怦怦跳着,一种梦幻似的感觉使她晕晕乎乎地顿时象在发高烧中。似昏迷、又似清醒。

“小柳,小苗,咱们又见面了。你们好么?我还给你们带来家信呢!”鸿远喜孜孜地握住苗虹的一只手,从衣袋里掏出两封信来交给他,“苗教授曾被梅村津子抓了去,受了刑,宁死不屈。他是个真正的战士。小苗,你应该向爸爸学习呵!”

苗虹一听,登时“哎哟”地惊叫起来,连连摇着鸿远的手,追问道:“我的爸爸呀!他现在怎么样啦?”

“放心,他已经脱险了。临来的时候,你们两位的爸爸妈妈我都见到了。他们都很好。回头你们看了信就完全明白啦!”。

苗虹按捺住心头的激动,看了看信封,转脸对柳明说:“给,你的!这下可高兴了吧!”

柳明用大眼睛瞟着鸿远。她有多少话要对他说,可又象有什么哽在喉头,一句话也说不出。

就在柳明和曹鸿远在夜的原野中偶然相遇时,另一双好友也意外地邂逅了

岩烽正在部队当中走来走去,当他又走近民运队的队伍时,忽然有人轻轻喊他:

“老卢,卢兄!你是卢佳川么?……”

岩烽猛然一回头,禁不住瞅着说话的人惊讶地喊了一声:

“林道静,原来是你!……”

“卢兄不,卢佳川同志,真想不到在这里和你相遇怎么,传说你已经牺牲了,你还活着?……我现在叫路芳,早就改了名字……”改名路芳的林道静有点语无伦次,看得出,她是何等的激动……

“小林不,我也不该这样称呼你了。我没有死。一个偶然机会,我被国民党里一位高级军官救了出来……这个,说来话长,以后有机会再告诉你……这些年,我相信你已经参加了党的行列;老江好么?你知道他的消息么?”

“老卢,呵,现在该叫你岩烽同志。我和他在三五年结了婚;可是,已经许久得不到他的消息了……”路芳的声音越说越低,在原野的风啸中,后来几乎听不清她都说了些什么。

岩烽情不自禁地握住了路芳的手拿冰冷、颤抖。……他的心忽然象被一团乱麻紧紧缠住,那长埋在心底的多少忆念,此刻象沸水似的翻荡起来。微明的月光下,他望着那张又熟悉、又陌生的脸,不知怎的,他的眼睛潮湿了……

“这些年我一直在打听你的消息呕,我在狱中给你写的信,你收到了么?”

“收到了。它给我的教育和鼓舞没办法说。我非常感谢你……卢兄,你现在就去平原?……可惜,我现在跟着曹鸿远同志要到北方局去报到,以后,我们还会再见的吧?”

“当然,当然!小林,你身体很好,我很高兴!现在队伍就要出发,不能和你多谈。你是和曹鸿远同志一起从北平出来的吧?我的情况,你可以问问他。现在,我们只好道别了。”岩烽又一次紧紧握住路芳的手。林道静和卢佳川就这样匆匆见面,又匆匆离别了。

岩烽刚转过身去找队伍,路芳又追了过来,喘着气说:“卢兄别忘了,再给我写信来吧!写信来!”这次是她先握住卢佳川的手,而且握得那么紧。

“老曹,跟我们一块儿去平原把!”苗虹又说话了,“我们今夜就过铁路到平原去。你也去吧,跟我们一块儿走吧!”苗虹说着,笑着,象小孩拉住自己的好朋友,邀他一同去玩耍似的。

鸿远深情地瞥了柳明一眼,转脸对苗虹说:

“那怎么成!我还得回北方局去汇报。你们先走,也许,以后我也可能分配到你们那边去工作。”说着,又扭过头来望着柳明,抑制住心头的忐忑不安,低声说,“小柳,你离开医院啦?也到民运队里来啦?你到了平原,给我写信来好么?……”

“嗯!”柳明不敢再看鸿远,把头垂得低低得。在这意外的喜悦中,她的心里又混合着深深的痛苦和惜别之情。“他回来了,我又走了……他回来了,我又走了……”她不说话,心里却反复喃喃着这两句话。忽然,她抬起头来,问道:

“老曹,你是怎么捉住白士吾的?他……”柳明扭过头去,望见远远的一个大蘑菇似的东西在昏暗中轻轻摆动那是白士吾的礼帽在风中颤抖。这时,一种复杂的感情涌上柳明心头:怎么在这种时候、这种场合,却碰见了这个家伙呢?……稍稍停了一下,鸿远轻声回答柳明:

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九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2017-06-30 08:18   只看该作者
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482楼

“说来话长。以后见面再谈吧!你们马上就要行军,我们也要走了小柳,小苗,再见!”稍顿,鸿远又加上一句,“柳明,你不要难受……”

“呵,曹鸿远同志!想不到在这儿在这半夜三更的野地里遇见了你。”常里平不知什么时候来到他们身边,“祝贺你大功告成,胜利归来!我们应当向你们学习呵!”他说着,望望曹鸿远,又望望柳明,那么奇怪地笑了一下。

鸿远急忙伸出手去握住常里平的手,热情地说:

“常里平同志,你好!听岩烽同志说,你是民运队的队长。这次到平原去开辟根据地,你的担子不轻呵!”

常里平摇摇头:

“哪里!哪里!将来,你也要去平原的吧?”

没等鸿远回答,岩烽走过来了,他紧紧握住鸿远的手,低声说:

“小曹,可惜这次你不能跟我们一同过路了。我们马上就要出发,你也走吧请你多照顾一下路芳。到附近村里找到村干部,找个好房东,你们好好休息一天,傍晚时候再出发。这一带,我们群众基础还不错,不会有问题的。现在,我们只好暂时分手了……不久,希望在平原相见!”

“呵,您认识路芳?怪不得您总是看柳明她俩长得太象了。放心,我会好好照顾她的,这是位很好的同志……”

岩烽紧紧握住鸿远的手,眼睛禁不住又在昏暗中搜寻路芳的踪影……

队伍开始行动了,在朔风呼号的原野上,人流象一字长蛇阵似的慢慢蠕动起来。曹鸿远和路芳一行则带着白士吾向西走去。

队伍按着原来的顺序加速行进着,转瞬间,离开了原来的休息地曹鸿远、路芳都不见了,那两个牵着绳子的自卫队员和白士吾也不见了。

柳明头也不回地大步走着。虽然,她多么想回过头去,再望曹鸿远一眼。这时,在她心里忽然涌现出几句平素早已遗忘得干干净净的词句。

伯劳东去雁西飞,

我未饮、心先醉。

眼中流血,心内成灰……

这是她在中学时候读《西厢记》时,随便背下的几句长亭送别中的词句。在这战斗气氛异常浓烈的急行军中,当她遇见了鸿远之后,这些词句却象偷儿似的在她心里跳了出来它跳着,反复地跳着,盘旋着,使她感到一种又甜又苦的滋味。

又走了将近三十里,前面队伍又传下话来:

“快要过路了。肃静!不要说话!不要咳嗽!”

队伍加快了脚步。民运队员们跟着前面的部队也加快了脚步。气氛顿时紧张起来,个个全神贯注,准备过铁路,也准备着随时可能发生的战斗。

在朦胧的夜色中,已经望见高高的路基了。忽然,前面的人把头一扭,一个接一个地悄声传下话来:

“原地卧倒向后传!”

那压低了的严肃、紧张的语调,使得苗虹、柳明惊慌起来。她俩大气不出地随着队伍一下子卧倒在冰冷的土地上。

天空中的闪闪寒星,大地上的模糊人影,黑魆魆地的无边的原野上,静悄悄躺着的雪亮铁轨,全使第一次过铁路的柳明和苗虹抑制不住地突突心跳。卧倒一会儿,仍不见动静,苗虹忍不住了,附在耳边悄声说:

“铁路上连个人影都没有,怎么还不赶快跑过去?趴在这凉地等什么呀?”

柳明用手捅了她一下,叫她不要出声。

就在这时,铁道上忽然亮起了四只如野兽眼睛一般的大探照灯,射出炫人眼目的白光,从高高的路基上向两旁的野地里扫射过来射的柳明、苗虹都赶紧低下头、闭上眼睛。接着,急促、尖利、震耳欲聋的扎扎响声,也从路基上由远而近地轰响过来。

不知是谁低低呼了一句:

“铁甲车!”

柳明和苗虹惊奇地睁开眼睛果然,两个全身虎皮似的涂着斑斓色彩的怪物,正在铁轨上缓缓地驰过来。车头上那四只大灯,像饿兽搜寻食物般地转来转去,照得黑暗的原野一片惨白。

铁甲车好像发现了什么目标,那炫目的灯光忽然停在一片伏卧在地的战士身上不动了。柳明和苗虹的手相互紧紧握住不知是因为内心的紧张和惊惧,还是彼此关切的深情……民运队的其他同志,此刻也感到了情况的紧张,屏住气息一动不动地趴在地上。当然,也有象高雍雅那样胆小的,不由自主地浑身微微颤抖……而前边距离他们不远的路基下面,八路军的战士们,却镇定地把枪口瞄准敌人的铁甲车,仿佛箭在弦上,一触即发!

铁甲车还停在路基上,车灯发出炽白的光还在不停扫射着。从车身两边探出头来的机关枪,正虎视眈眈地对准了过路的人。

忘掉了严寒,人们没有咳嗽,没有一点声息。

支队长岩烽伏在最前边靠近路基的土坎下,他的脑子里敏捷地闪动着、思考着各种可能出现的情况:“如果打起来呢……也许过不了路还得返回去……但无论如何一定要保证同志们的安全!”

苗虹使搂着柳明的肩膀。忽然觉得手上有点冷冷的东西滴在上面

“呵,你哭啦?”

“没有。”柳明摇摇头。

“不,你在哭。为什么?你害怕么……不对!我知道了,你是为曹……”苗虹伏在柳明耳边轻轻说。

“不要说话!……”柳明冷静下来,用耳语制止苗虹,“要随时作好过路的准备!”

“嗯……”苗虹把柳明搂得更紧了。

敌人的铁甲车还在铁轨上往返巡逻着。这支奔赴平原去开辟根据地的队伍,忍受着刺骨的严寒,伏在冰冻的土地上,一动不动。

                               一九八四年十二月二十五日完稿于广东珠海市

                  一九八五年六月十一日改完于北京香山

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九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2017-06-30 08:20   只看该作者
发帖 1144    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

483楼

When BaiShiWu who stood by the side of CaoHongYuan recognized it’s LiuMing’s voice his heart missed a beat then he almost fainted and cold sweats beaded out all over—she’s LiuMing, the one he had fallen in love. She actually joint the Eight Routes Army. Now he joint the spy agency and be captive. It’s really that one can’t avoid his enemy! He dare not raise up his head never mention to make a sound. He’d rather find a split in the ground and plunge into it. This moment CaoHongYuan handed over the rope on which tied BaiShiWu to one of his self defence soldiers and said something in low voice to him. Then two of the soldiers dragged BaiShiWu hard on the rope and drew him like a lamb to a pile of manure.

“Comrade, many of you must have known this CaoHongYuan, aren’t you? He just came back from the enemy occupied area. He heard from our cadre of the district committee that we would pass by so he’s here to meet us with the big traitor he captured. It’s a first rate present to the committee!……


Before YanFeng could finish his words people who know or do not know CaoHongYuan encircled him in the middle of the path all of a sudden.

“Little Cao, you came back at last!” WangFuLai rushed a step forward to grip the hand of Cao. He smiled to said with tears in the eyes: “How are you? Isn’t it you who captured the evil BaiShiWu?……Its too good! Let’s move to the plain together.”

“How are you? Brother Cao.” WangYongTai recalled that CaoHongYuan had been blamed for “escape” so he didn’t know what to say with tears in the eyes too.

“Hi! Hi! Don’t circle around him so tight. LiuMing and I have even no chance to talk with him so far. Please move a little away.” MiaoHong clutched HongYuan’s arm and drew him under the willow with a distance to the crowd. LiuMing’s heart beated fast when she followed MiaoHong to the place. A dream like fancy made her feel as if in high fevor—a half conscious state.

Little Liu, Little Miao, I meet again! How are you? Here I bring you letter from your family too.HongYuan held the hand of MiaoHong in delight and felt out two letters to hand over: “Professor Miao had been arrested by Umemura and suffered corporal punishment. But he’d rather die than subject. He’s a real warrior and you should learn the example of your father’s”

Hearing this MiaoHong shouted out in surprise suddenly. She shook the hand of HongYuan constantly and inquired in detail:

“You mean my father! How he is now?”

“He’s out of danger now. Don’t worry! I have met the parents of you two before I set off my return journey. They’re all right and you will know this after you read the letter.”

MiaoHong suppressed her excitement and read the envelope. Then she turn to LiuMing to say: “This one is for you. You’re happy now, aren’t you?”

LiuMing glanced sideway at HongYuan. She had too much to express while felt like something stuck at the throat that she couldn’t make it.

As LiuMing and CaoHongYuan encountered at night in the wild another pair of good friends bumped into each other also.

YanFeng was walking back and force in the military group. When he walked into the civil propaganda team someone called him in low voice:

“Old Lu, brother Lu, are you LuJiaChuan?……

YanFeng turned back all of a sudden. He couldn’t help staring at the one who spoke to him and made a cry:

“It’s you! LinDaoJing!……

“Brother Lu. No, comrade Lu, I had never expected that I could encounter you here. Why? They said that you had sacrified but now you’re still alive! ……My present name’s LuFang……”LinDaoJing in the name of LuFang was incoherent in her expression from which we can see her exitment.

“Little Lin, No, I shouldn’t call you as before now. I did not die. By chance a senior GuoMinDang officer rescued me……That’s a long story and I would tell you it later……I believe that you’ve been in the line of party these years. How about old Jiang now? Do you have any information of him?”

“Old Lu, oh, I shall call you comrade YanFeng now. I’ve married him three or five years before. But I have no information from him for a long time……”LuFang’s voice turned lower and lower and almost unrecognizable in the roaring of wind in the wild.

YanFeng couldn’t help holding her hand—cold and quivering hand …… He felt his heart in great disturb. How much emotions that had been buried deep in his heart boiled up this moment. He fixed his eyes to that familiar while strange face with his eyes wet unconsciously……

“I’ve been gathering your information all these years. Oh, have you received my letter from jail?”

“Yes, I can’t name the inspiration it gave to me. Thank you so much brother Lu. Are you moving to the plain now? ……But I have to go to North China Bureau for a report. We should have chance to meet again. Don’t you think so? ”

“Of course! Of course! Little Lin. I’m so happy that you should have good health. We can’t talk too much and we’re about to set on our journey once more. You can inquire him concerning me but now we have to say goodby.” YanFeng gripped the hand of LuFang once again. In such manner LinDaoJing and LuChuan met in the haste and parted in the haste.

YanFeng turned back to the army while LuFang caught up again to say in heavy breath: “Don’t forget to write to me again brother Lu! Write a letter to me!”This time she gripped the hand of LuJiaChuan first. She gripped so hard.

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九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2017-06-30 08:20   只看该作者
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484楼

“Old Cao, let’s move to the plain together.”MiaoHong spoke again, “We will march across the railway line this night. Follow us please.” Miao Hong smiled in the talking and she behaved like a child who drags her company into a play.

HongYuan glanced LiuMing affectionately then turned to speak to MiaoHong:

“How is it possible? I have to report to the North China Bureau. You set off the journey first. I might be assigned to work there.” HongYuan couldn’t suppress his emotion and turned back to look at LiuMing to speak in low voice again, “Little Liu. Have you parted from the hospital? You joined the civil propaganda team again? Write to me as you reached the plain, all right?……

“OK,” LiuMing dare not look at HongYuan once more. She bend her head low. This unexpected encounter in delightfulness mixed deeply in pain and regretful separation, “When he returned I will set off ……When he returned I have to set off……”She repeated the phrase silently in the heart. Then she suddenly raised up her head to inquire:

“Old Cao, how did you captured BaiShiWu? He……”LiuMing looked back and saw a mushroom like thing was swaying in the dim light. That’s the hat of BaiShiWu which was trembling in the wind. Now a complex feeling surged LiuMing: How can I encounter that fellow in such an occasion? HongYuan answered LiuMing after a short break: “That’s a long story. Let’s talk about it later. You’ll set off soon and I would leave too. Goodby then!” An instance later he added: “Don’t be sorry LiuMing!”

“Oh, comrade Cao I’ve never expected to meet you here at mid night in this wild place.” ChangLiPing made his appearance at uncertain time,“Congratulations on your success and victorious back home. We should learn your example.” In the mean time he looked at LiuMing and CaoHongYuan then smiled strangely.

HongYuan hastely reached out his hand to grip ChangLiPing’s and said enthusiastically: “How are you,ChangLiPing. YanFeng told me that you’re the chief of civil propaganda team. Now you would open a new revolutionary base in the plain area and that’s realy the tough work.”

ChangLiPing shook his head to say:

“You praised me too much. You will have the chance to go to the plain, won’t you?”

Before HongYuan could make the answer YanFeng walked ahead. He gripped the hand of Cao and said in low voice:

“Little Cao, it’s a pity that you can’t follow us. We’re about to set off so it is with you. Please take more care of LuFang. Find a cadre in the nearby village. Find a good landlord and have a good rest then set off in the evening. We have quite good civil foundation here, so no problem could rise up. Now we have to part temporarily……hope we can meet soon on the plain.”

“Oh, you know LuFang! No wonder you kept looking at LiuMing. They grow alike so much. Don’t worry, She’s a good comrade and I will take good care of her……


YanFeng gripped the hand of CaoHongYuan and his eyes were searching the figure of CaoHongYuan in the darkness
……

The army started to move now. The north wind was whistling on the plain when the long troup started to move ahead on the winding course. CaoHongYuan and LuFang lead another troup heading for the west with the captured BaiShiWu.

The troup marched forward in its original speed. Soon they departed the place for rest—LuFang and Cao HongYuan disappeared from the view, so it is with BaiShiWu and the two soldiers who tied him with the rope.

LiuMing strode forward without look aback though she was so eager to have another look at CaoHongYuan. The moment a few peotic line in the back of her mind awoke:

Swallow fly to the east and wild goose the west.

I was drunken before alcoholic taken.

My eyes bleed and heart ashes turned.


LiuMin learned the line from the Romance of the Western Chamer when she was a high school student and casually made the recitation. In such thick combat atomosphere these lines should have been jumped out secretely when she encountered CaoHongYuan. The line circled there and jumped there repeatedly to make a taste of bitter sweatness.

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九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2017-06-30 08:21   只看该作者
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485楼

Thirty miles further on the men in the front pass down words again:

“Be quiet. We’re going to pass the rail line. Don’t speak anything! Don’t cough!”

The military group walked faster and faster so the civil propaganda team walked faster in the follow. Suddenly the atomosphere intensed. Everyone was on the attention. They get prepared for the pass and for possible combat too.

In the dim star light the high railway base could be perceived now. suddenly order was passed down:

“Lie down! Pass the order!”

The solemn intense tone scared LiuMing and MiaoHong. They held up the breath and lied down on the cold ground in the follow.

The star were twinkling in the sky and the human figures on the ground blurred. Shining rails stretch themselves on the dark plain. LiuMing and MiaoHong can not suppress their fast heart beats on their first way across the railline. There’s no movement for a moment after they lied down and MiaoHong could endure no longer. She murmured to the ear of LiuMing:

“There’s no even a figure on the way. Why don’t we run across the line quickly? For what we were waiting for here on the ground?”

LiuMing poked MiaoHong with her hand.

This moment four search lights flashed on all in a sudden like four beasts eyes. They shot out dazzling lights that swept the ground by the two sides from the railway base. The lights pressed down the head of LiuMing and of MiaoHong and made their eyes shut. Next moment the shriek of wheels on the rails spreaded there. It approached nearer and nearer from the line base.


Some one said in low voice:

“Armored train!”

MiaoHong and LiuMing forced open their eyes to watch in curiosity. Surely they are! Two tiger skin painted armored vehicles were slowly approaching. Four search lights in the front searched like beasts eyes in the hunting for foods, which made the dark plain pale white.

The search lights stopped somewhere as if they had discovered something. A group of soldiers just lie down under. LiuMing and MiaoHong gripped their hands together and they did not know whether it was out of terror or nervous or bilateral concern……other members in the civil propaganda team also felt the intensity. Of course there’re cowards like GaoYongYa who couldn’t help quivering all over……While under the base in a short distance ahead the Eight Routes Army soldiers targeted their guns on the vehicle calmly like archers with their arrow on the arch.



The armored train still stay on the base with its blazing search lights in the searching. Machines guns by the sides of compartment aimed covetously at passers by.

People did not cough or made a sound in ignorance of the cold.

Detachment chief YanFeng lie under the earth step nearest to the railway base. He was weighing all kinds of the likely events in his mind: “If there should be combat. It’s possible that they can not pass the line and had to return…… In any case the safty of comrades should be promised.

MiaoHong hugged the arm of LiuMing. Suddenly she felt something cold dropped onto her hand.

“Oh, you cried!”

“No.”LiuMing shook his head.

“No, you cried. Why? For what you’re afraid of? ……Yes, I know its for CaoHongYuan……”MiaoHong stoop over LiuMing’s ears and murmured.

“Stop it!”LiuMing cooled down and murmured to stop MiaoHong, “Be prepared to pass the line at any moment!”

“Ok!” MiaoHong hugged LiuMing even tighter.

The armored train of the enemy still run back and forth on the rails. The detachment which was about to open new revolutionary base on the plain endured the penetrating cold and kept lying on the freezing ground motionless.

Analysis: The novel ended but not yet the story. Everything was half way here. The anti-Japanese war. The life story of LiuMing and even the fate of big traitor BaiShiWu was not yet determined. It might meaning that the series would be continued. Anyhow it could be counted as a temporary end for the old life in the mountain region and the struggle beyond the enemy line had drawn to an end. The plain life would be a new one and the struggle there would be different. If the author wanted to continue then for sure the railway line can’t kill them.







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九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2017-06-30 08:22   只看该作者
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486楼



                          后

提起笔,我感到欢欣,又感到异常歉疚。

这部书读着可能似曾相识,而它又面目全非。它脱胎于《东方欲晓》,而又和一次次修改过的《东方欲晓》大不相同。

从我一九七三年初开始写《东方欲晓》时起,迄今整整十三个年头过去了。这中间经过了多少次地改写、变动,我已无法数计。只有一种情感、愿望、企盼时时撞击心头,使我永远难忘,这便是,不管多少艰辛,多少愁苦自不量力的愁苦;力不从心的愁苦,我却下定决心,一定要尽自己最大努力把它写得好一些。这这样想,也这样做了。现在呈现在读者面前的正是我这一想法的小小果实。

由于时代的原因,更由于自己文艺思想不够明确,在《东方欲晓》中,我曾经把一个工农兵出身的革命干部写成书中的主人公;而把我很熟悉的、更有情感的女知识分子柳明,写成了次要人物。并且还大写我不熟悉的指挥战斗场面。我写的事件多得很,大得很,人物被挤得只剩下瘦小的骨头……可是随着时间的推移,历史的前进,思想的逐步解放,我逐渐冲出了束缚我、禁锢我的罗网。望着过去写的那一大堆稿纸,我汗颜,我惭愧。可是,我不愿在困难面前低头,更不愿在失败面前却步,我擦干伤心的泪水,又从头干起了。

我把原来所写的大大修改了,更确切地说,几乎全部重写了。包括已经出版过的《东方欲晓》第一部。我把知识份子柳明变成主人公,写她的成长;写她的坎坷遭遇;写她的悲欢离合……总之,我这部书的中心非常明确的中心是写人。人物应当成为一部小说的核心、主体、大梁。象树上的鸟儿鸟儿鸣啭悦耳,给人美的享受。可是,树上的鸟儿鸟儿再美,唱得再好听,却只能淹没在浓密的林荫中,你看不到它鲜丽的羽毛,更听不清它美妙的啁啾。所以,在这部描写抗日战争的长篇中,我把人物把鸟儿放在显著的地位,而时代、战争风云、大的事件,我多半作为背景象树木作为鸟儿的陪衬来写。人物的命运,尤其主人翁的命运是最令读者关注、最抓人心灵的。写好主人公,从她或他身上,自然会体现出时代背景、生活环境、以及伟大战争的风貌来。



我之所以这样写,是我从血和泪的教训中所汲取得。我之所以这样做,不仅是个人希望写出一点象样的作品;更为了对万千读者尤其对青年读者要负责任的情感和良心所驱使。我别无所长,只有一支行将毁朽的笔,只有一颗还在跳跃的心。那么,我就该好好利用这支笔,奋力搏动这颗心,使它发出最后的光和热……是的,要光!要热!绝不该献给读者一堆无味无用的废纸……

还有一点要说明:

我年老多病,已无力再写《青春之歌》的续集了。这是我终身的憾事。我对不起万千企盼看到它的读者。我是失职的。为了弥补这一缺憾,我大胆地在这部《芳菲之歌》里,加入了《青春之歌》续集里的部分设想我叫林道静在这部书里出现;叫“死而复活”的卢佳川也在这部书的结尾时与林道静又见了面。当第三部《英华之歌》时,我将用较多的篇幅写林道静与卢佳川之间的悲欢;写林道静在抗日战争的烽烟烈火中更加成长,以及她与柳明的关系等等。总之,我要多写可敬可爱的人物,虽然她(或他)们各有不同缺点。

我有个打算:想把《青春之歌》、《芳菲之歌》、《英华之歌》写成三部曲。后二部将成为《青春之歌》的姐妹作。主人公各有侧重,但他们可以互相补充。

我这个不象后记的后记,只是一个简略说明。





                                                                    杨沫

                                  1985年10月14日




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九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2017-06-30 08:26   只看该作者
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487楼

文化漫谈登出的是翻译草稿,存在众多打字错误和不足。
经过一改和二改的翻译解析将在金山网英语沙龙版块,梦溪论坛梦溪书院版块,大港信息港人文艺轩版块,文旅网读书板块登出。因为我在文化漫谈没有永久修改权,在那四个网站有永久修改权。
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