发新话题

红色抗战著作《东方欲晓》英译、解析和导读。(9月开工)

头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-07-28 09:15   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

1楼
该帖被浏览  40,075 次,回复 460 次

                             The World Anti Fascist Series Number Two

                                         The Oriental Down Broken


                                               原著作者:杨沫

                                               英译、解析和导读人:余震南
                                                                                                                           

       From my very childhood the movies on national anti—Japanese War kept on showing in cinemas when the typical Japanese invaders in yellow army uniform with a gun to his shoulder and a bayonet long and sharp impressed upon my mind. For all Chinese men of my age almost no one can forget such image of Japanese soldier in their childhood movies. But for the anti—Japanese war that ended 71 years ago, only a few can systematically recount all the victories, failures and event that happened in that age. This novel as an literature creation based on the actual does not serve us as an history book. It is a work similar to the Schindler’sListwhich vividly described the struggle of the hidden line beyond the enemy’s frontier. The struggle was conducted by the Communist Party of China when it is a national but weak military force compare with Japanese Royal Armywhich were armed to the teeth. The disadvantage is apparent to see, but those comrades of the anti—Japanese line fight in spite of all the difficulties.

       Now I would present to people of the world my English translation on the stories and thrilling events and interpret as well as introduce the language points during translation along with the historical settings. For all these work my intention is neither to provoke the national hatred between the Japanese and Chinese nation nor to seek revenge in the future or to attack civil Japanese people who love world peace and observe law. We as Just Chinese men should take the international responsibility to protect all the peaceful foreigners in China, the Japanese included. While we should develop into greater depth the friendly relations between Chinese people and Japanese people with an objective historical retrospect, thus I discovered the necessity to mention this Chinese work again.

                            前言   

    孩提时代电影院里就经常上映抗日战争题材的影片。身着黄色军装,手持齐肩高步枪的日本士兵给我留下深刻映象,还有枪上又长又利的刺刀。对于我这般年龄的中国人来说,几乎没有人会忘怀儿时影片中日本侵略者的模样。而对于71年前结束的那场抗日战争,却很少有人能系统地讲述出每一场胜利,每一次失败和每一个事件。这一篇建立在纪实基础上的抗战文学创作并非是一本历史教材。它类似于辛德勒的名单生动地讲述了敌后抗战的故事。这场敌后战争由当时的中国共产党领导,当时的共产党军队虽然是一支全民族的抗战力量,同武装到牙齿的日本皇家侵略军相比还十分弱小,所处的劣势显而易见,然而抗日同志们排除万难坚持斗争。

    如今我想把《东方欲晓》这部作品自己的英译展现给世界人民,也展现其间动人心魄的故事,除此之外还会解析翻译中的语言点以及敌后抗战的时代背景。我将做的这一切工作既不是为了挑动中日两个民族之间的仇恨,也不是为了中国在未来能施加民族报复,或煽动攻击守法的日本和平公民。作为正直的中国人,我们应该承担国际义务保护所有在华外国和平公民的安全,其中也包括日本人。同时我们要努力在客观认识历史的前提下进一步深化发展中日两国人民的和平友好关系。我觉得有必要重新回顾这样一篇作品。




[ 本帖最后由 九州方圆44 于 2016-7-28 09:59 编辑 ]
 
分享到:  
TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-07-28 11:03   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

2楼

因在新浪不具备永久修改权。该帖将同《儿子们》翻译、解析和导读一样为初稿或草稿。正稿将最后在金山网,0511梦溪书院,文旅论坛和大港信息港等有永久修改权的网站完善并对国际开放。
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-07-28 13:19   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

3楼

The Oriental Down Broken(F)
The Oriental Dawn Broken(T)
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-07-28 14:38   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

4楼

                          内容提要


这是杨沫同志继《青春之歌》之后的又一部长篇小说。全书共三部。



这部小说,描绘了抗日战争时期华北根据地和敌占区人民在我党领导下所展开波澜壮阔的斗争,反映了一批爱过青年走上革命道路、不断成长的曲折过程,揭示了当时中国社会各阶级、阶层之间错综复杂的关系,展现了一幅幅全民族解放战争的壮丽画卷。小说还塑造了几个富于正义感,反对日本军国主义的日本人民的生动形象,讴歌了中日两国人民之间源远流长的亲密友谊。



本书是小说的第一部。在卢沟桥的炮声中,北平某医学院女大学生柳明结识了年轻的共产党员曹鸿远,并随他来到了太行山区的抗日根据地。不久曹鸿远又只身潜回敌占区北平,为买药几经周折,最后通过老教授苗振宇争取了日本医学博士佐佐木正义,利用日本大特务松奇和梅村之间的矛盾,出色地完成了组织交给的任务;柳明则留在根据地,经受了“反扫荡”的严峻考验,成为一名革命战士和医生。小说的第一部正是以曹鸿远和柳明的生活经历和感情纠葛为线索,围绕着买药这一中心事件,正面描写了举世震惊的七七事变和抗日战争序幕拉开后的华北形势,以及中国人民在日本侵略者的铁蹄下逐渐觉醒的过程。全书的许多人物面貌也在这一部中初露端倪。






                  A Brief Summery


The Oriental Dawn Broken is the second full length novel created byChinese female writer Ms.YangMo. The whole story was divided into three books.

The novel depicted the magnificent national struggle inthe enemy occupied area in north China during the anti-Japanese War.It revealed to us the bumpy way of growth for the patriotic youth in that eraand their involvement in the national revolution, reflecting the complexrelations among different social classes and presenting the grand panorama of spectacularwar for national liberation. The novel also created several active Japanese charactersof justice who protest against the Japanese militarist, eulogizing the long andintimate friendship between these two nations.

This is the book one of the series. In the sound ofthe artillery from Lugo Bridge, a female graduateof a medical academy in BeiPing Miss. LiuMing bumped into a young communist memberMr. CaoHongYuan. The girl followed him to the anti-Japanese military base in Mount TaiHang.Later, Mr. Cao soon had to return to the enemy occupied BeiPing for thepurchase of necessary medicines. After a few twists and turns he won over ajustice Japanese doctor of medicine Mr. Sasaki through the joint effort with oldprofessor Mr. MiaoZhenYu. Cao completed the task successfully by taking theadvantage of the contradictions between the great Japanese spies Umemura andEstradiol. While Miss.Liu stayed in the anti-Japanese base and experience the anti mopping up campaign,thus became a real revolutionary soldier and doctor. Book one closely encircledthe story of medicine purchase and focus on Miss. Liu’s experiences and emotionaldisputes presenting to the readers the situation of north China after the out brokeof Lugo Bridge incidence when the curtain had raised for the nationalanti-Japanese war. In the mean time the novel described the Chinese people’sself-realization and waking up under the torment of Japanese invaders. Soonmany characters in the books revealed his or her real portrait.      


  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-07-28 17:32   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

5楼

The Oriental Drawn Broken(F)
The Oritental Before Drawn Broken(T)
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-07-29 08:14   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

6楼

“爱过青年”(F)
“爱国青年”(T)
"Taking the advantage of "(F)
"Taking advantage of "(T)
随手翻译的,等定稿还早。
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-07-30 17:30   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

7楼

                          作者的话
    在人类历史的长河中,一个人的生命只是刹那的瞬间,象流星样在宇宙间一闪而过。可是,对作为生活在社会上的每个人来说,它却又是漫长的、曲折的—有欢乐,有痛苦,有坎坷不平的道路,也有美好幸福的回忆……
    我就是这样。
    我已到暮年。可是,直到今天,引起我无限美好、无限幸福的回忆的,不是大城市里和平安静的生活,不是个人的什么“功名成就”,也不是饱览外国绮丽风光的愉快,更不是什么儿孙满堂的福气……。究竟是什么呢? —那就是我在抗日战争时期的一段充满血和火的斗争生活。那是我一生中最美好、最幸福的日子。
那段生活已经过去三十多年。可是,它却象一位雕塑大师用高超的艺术手法镂刻在我心上的一件精美的艺术品—栩栩如生,充满魅力,永远焕发着青春的光彩。它也象一架神奇的发动机,在我身上产生着巨大的动力,不停地鼓动我前进—再前进。……每当想到那个年代的往事,我就象喝了醇酒般感到无比幸福和欢乐。
其实,这日子是很艰苦的,是异常残酷的。那时,我们这些地方上的抗日干部在敌后根据地,也和八路军健儿一样,经常处在紧张的游击战争环境中。为了行动方便,我们身边不带被子,走到哪个村子,就睡在村干部给我们借来的被子里—有时候被子里虱子滚成团……。然而那时候,我们是愉快的,是斗志昂扬的!为了求得中华民族的解放,为了打败日本军国主义者,我们和群众生活在一起、战斗在一起。好多次,被敌人包围住了,在十分危急的情况下,常是素不相识的大娘、大嫂、大伯、大哥,豁出他们的身家性命,把我们人做他们的亲人救了出来……
    岁月流逝,多少年过去了。现在回忆起来,无论那之前、那之后,我的任何生活都不能和那段生活相比。我爱那段生活!我以自己有幸参加了那壮丽的史诗般的战争而自豪!我的青年时期没有虚度年华!从文学角度来看,我如果不是参加了那段生活,有了较为丰富的生活积累,以后,我也不可能成为一个文艺战士,为人民写出一点作品来。
    也许正是因为常常想起那段生活,想起那些年轻轻就牺牲了的同志们的音容笑貌—我早就准备写一部反映抗日战争的长篇小说。我是那段历史的参与者,也是见证人。我有责任写出那段历史的时代风貌和人物的思想感情来。我更有责任把他们刻在我心上的一块块丰碑转移到纸上来,叫人们、叫后世知道我们中国革命的胜利、我们今天的社会主义的国家来之不易—它是多少人用生命、用鲜血换来的呵!
    一九七二年,正当“**”肆虐时,为了这个目的,我来到北京郊区的香山,找了一间农民的小屋,开始偷偷写起《东方欲晓》来。为什么说“偷偷”呢?因为“**”的文化专制主义夺去了我手中的笔,不叫我们这样的人再写作品。可是,我没有听他们的,也没有听一些亲友们的好心劝告,决心动起笔来。几个寒冬与酷暑,我埋头写—带着病不停地写。那时,有几个好心的同志曾经告诉我:“留心!**常上香山来。她如果要看你的稿子就糟了……”我笑了笑。看就看吧!我豁出去了。许多战友那么年轻就牺牲了,我已年过半百,至多一死,怕什么呢?于是,我仍然坚持写下来。从一九七二年年到一九七六年八月,我写成了约七十万字的初稿。不久,“**”倒了,我的稿子可以拿出来见见世面了。可是,这时候我又碰到了新的问题:好像一个人在昏暗中编织出的工艺品,拿到亮处一看,不少地方有洞眼、有疵瑕。随着文艺思想的解放,我更感到我的这部作品不少地方受了“三突出”等等那套文艺模式的毒害,好像夹生饭似的。我不只狠“**”对我的影响,我更恨自己政治和艺术水平的低下。我说过:“我怎么吃了,我还得怎么吐出来。”这种痛苦和损失是难以言喻的……
    从此,我决心对这部作品进行返工。我要尽我的最大的力量把这部作品修改好。初稿中存在的问题是很多的:有的人物写得“高大完美”、不真实;有关爱情的情节不敢写—即使写了也是缩手缩脚、一碰就跑;对于人物的丰富感情、复杂心理更缺乏大胆、细腻的描绘……总之,知错就改,我只有努力按照自己的初衷,把那些燃烧着血和火的岁月,那些可歌可泣的人和事,尽量真实而集中地描绘出来。思想解放了,积累的生活便像泉水似的喷涌而出—经放手改写后,这部作品可能要有一百二三十万字,分成三部分。现在,花了一年多时间,第一部终于完成,终于可以和读者见面了。第二部、第三部已有初稿,我也当尽力争取早日修改出来与广大读者见面。这不仅为了偿还我对牺牲了的战友的和我所热爱的人民群众的负债,也是想为今天的四个现代化建设,为我们社会主义的文艺春天,悄悄添上一朵小小的花儿。
    最后,我要感谢对《东方欲晓》第一部的创作给予许多帮助的佟愚恒同志。这部书写了在敌占区为八路军购买药品的故事情节—我没有到敌占区工作过,没有这方面的生活—老战友佟愚恒同志曾由组织派到敌占区工作,是他提供了大量素材,我才能写出这一部作品来。
    美丽的丝线应当绣出又新又艳的花朵。我虽有丝线—生活,可是由于粗糙的指法,虽尽了最大的努力,也只能绣出这么一朵不太好看的花儿,奉献在读者面前。此刻,窗外寒风怒吼,我的心头也有点冷嗖嗖的。因为,我感到对不起对我抱着殷切期望的广大读者。
                                                                                                                                    杨沫
                                              一九七九年十二月写于北京
   
                                            
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-07-31 08:43   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

8楼

                    A Few Lines from the Author

In the long river of human history, the individuallife appears like a flash of lightening or a meteor that scratched over thenight sky. But to every one of us who lives in the society, the life is longand bumpy. It has its own joy and it own bitterness. Sometimes you travel onthe uneven road while other times it left with you lucky and beautifulmemories.

For me, it is the same.

I’m yet in my middle age. But until todaywhat can evoke my most lucky and beautiful memory is not the peaceful live incosmopolitan city, nor it is personal fame or accomplishments, nor it is thehappiness of going sight seeing in exotic foreign countries, never mention thegood fortune of having an extended family with sons and grand sons. Then, whatcounts to my happiness? It is a life of struggle during the anti-Japanese war,a life full of wars and battles, live and death. That preserved in my personallife as the most lucky and beautiful experience.

The War has past for nearly 30 years. But thestory engraved in my heart like a master hand ever did it—a delicate one with vigorand vividness glazing with the light of youth. It also serves like an engine ofmagic strength that propels us forward for ever. As soon as I recalled that ageI feel lucky and confident as if drunken with sweet wine.  

With time passes many years had flowedaway. Now, when I recall that period no experience before or after can be comparable. I love that life and proud for being involvedin the epic like national struggle for freedom. I did not spend my youth invain. From literature point of view, if I did not take part in the nationalstruggle where I accumulated abundant life experiences it is impossible for meto grow up to be a soldier in the culture line and wrote something for thepeople.

Maybe for I frequently remember that life,remember the portrait and voice of the young who sacrificed their lives in thestruggle I prepared to write a full length novel to present the scene ofanti-Japanese war long before. I had participated in the struggle and witnessedthe history. I had the responsibility to present the idea and portraits of thepeople then to let the after coming know the victory of China’srevolution and our socialist country does not come easily. The present livewere won on the life and blood by the million.

The year 1972 is when the gang of four prevailedChina, I moved to a farmhouse in suburban of the BeiJingwhere is called XiangShan to initiate my book secretly. Why shall I do itsecretly? For under the culture dictatorship of the gang of four, the rulergrabbed from my hand my pen.  They won’tallow people in my style of literature creation to continue writing. But I didnot listen to them and did not listen to the dissuasion from some of my friendsand relatives. I decided to start up. I insisted the several severe winters andhot summers that followed bent down writing even in bad health. Some goodhearted friends had come to give me warning that the female leader of the gangof four JiangQing frequently paid her visit to XiangShan and if she asked toread your script then it might be too bad for you. I smiled to my friends. Ifshe wanted to read then let it be. I do not care. So many of my young fellowsoldiers sacrificed their lives young and I already past my fifty how can Ifear death if the most severe punishment is death? So I continued my writing. Fromthe year of 1972 to the year of 1976, I finished my draft work in around 70thousand words. Soon the gang of four was stroke down and my draft work can betaken out to be read. But then I encountered new problemmy work looks like a crafts of weave that had beendone in the darkness when taking out to the light many defects and failures canbe detected. I felt the work was severely poisoned by the three outstandingtrends in the portrait of hero: outstandingly higher, outstandingly greater andoutstandingly complete. It is like a bowl of half—cooked rice. I not only hatethe gang of four but also hate my low level of profession. I had said: “I willvomit out what I have taken in that wrong trend.” The bitterness and lost wasthe kind that can not be described by words.

From then on I decided to rewrite thenovel. I would try my best to complete it. There are many defects in the draftwork: some characters were modeled to be too perfect and unreal. The affairsconcerning love were described too slightly and depart with only a few strokes.Further more the novel lack the detailed description on feelings andpsychological conflicts of the heroes and heroines…… Generallyspeaking I had to check and modify the imperfect and try my best to present thefigures and events collectively which deserve praising and mourning. As soon asI was set free in mind the life experiences accumulated during the days sprungout like a fountain. After the modification and rewrite my novel mighty countto 1.2 or 1.3 million words and divided into three books. After more than oneyears struggle the first book has by now completed and ready to face thereaders. The draft work of the second and the third book has formed by now. Iwill struggle to have they modified and face the reader as soon as possible. Allmy contributions accredit to pay for my fellow soldiers who sacrificed theirlives in the war and the people I love. In the mean time I want to contributeto the four modernizations with my work and add a small flower to the culturespring of our socialist country.

Lastly I’d to thank comrade TongYuHeng whogave me add in completion of the first book TheOriental before Dawn Broken. This book retold the story of purchasing medicinein the enemy occupied area for the Eight Route Army, but in fact I had neverworked in the enemy occupied area thus possess no related experiences. In thisrespect comrade Tong provide with quantities of material for he had been assignedto work beyond the front line.

The beautiful threads should be woven intofresh and shining flowers. I have the threads ready but my technique of weavingcan not be counted as good so I tried my best but only made this plain flowerto present to the reader. Now the west wind is whistling outside the window andmy heart is as cold for I feel sorry that I mighty not satisfy the readers whoexpect on my work enthusiastically.

                                                                                                YangMo

                                                                                       Dec. 26th1979 BeiJing   

      



[ 本帖最后由 九州方圆44 于 2016-7-31 09:39 编辑 ]
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-07-31 09:38   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

9楼

应开放英文翻译,否则只发中文是侵犯知识产权的。翻译属于二次创作,是新的创作而不是转帖!
否则就不在新浪发了!翻译解析均是本人原创。
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-07-31 10:41   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

10楼

翻译成英文就要符合英美人士的一般语言习惯。是要用外国人想得通的语言逻辑而不是中国人看起看舒服和“正确”的语言去表达。当然充分传达作者的本来意图是关键,但不是一字一句地去翻译。比如在“作者的话”中作者写的是“生命就像一颗流星划过宇宙。”照直翻译过去会被西方人笑话。而要翻译成“就像一颗流星划过夜空。”流星划过宇宙在西方认为是一种科学错误。

[ 本帖最后由 九州方圆44 于 2016-7-31 10:43 编辑 ]
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-08-06 15:54   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

11楼

(片段试样)

                                     第一章
    永定河边的柳岸,碧绿葱茏。一阵清风吹过,绵长的柳丝轻枭地拂打着水面,泛起阵阵涟漪……
    村里人正歇晌,一片静谧。空气中飘散着醉人的禾香。只有阵阵噪暑的蝉声,打破了田野的寂静。
    一个十八九岁的女学生,顺着一条庄稼小道,走到河岸边上的柳林里来。由于人声的惊动,蝉声停止了,一只鸟儿突地从林子里飞了出去。这女学生身材袅娜,漆黑的短发前,留着齐眉的刘海儿。身着一件女学生们爱穿的月白竹布短旗袍,脚上是短袜套,圆口带袢儿的黑布鞋。模样儿朴素大方。她迈着轻捷的步子走到岸边,在一个沙丘上坐下,呆呆地望着河水凝神沉思。

       The willows by the river of YongDing turned green and prosper. When a clear wind blew the flexible willow branches and leaves patted the water surface and stirred up ripples after ripples……
       The village men were taking the nap and everywhere was in silence. Green fragrance of growing rice was sweetly spreading over in the air. Only waves of cicadas voice could be heard, which broke the quietness of the fields.
        A girl student of eighteen or nineteen was walking along the path in the rice paddies and gradually reached the willow woods by the river. The sound of human stopped the cicada voice and a bird suddenly flied out from the trees. The girl is slender with short cut black hair curved in the forehead to her brows. She wore starched light blue cheongsam that was fashionable with girls of the time, a pair of socks and pair of black shoes with a belt across for each. The girl dressed herself simply. She reached the dyke in her light steps and sat herself on the sand dune looking into the water and meditating.     



[ 本帖最后由 九州方圆44 于 2016-8-6 16:04 编辑 ]
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-08-06 17:20   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

12楼

"Only waves of cicadas voice"(F)
"Only waves of hot and disturbing cicadas voice"(T)
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-09-06 14:31   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

13楼


                          第一章

永定河边的柳岸,碧绿葱茏。一阵清风吹过,绵长的柳丝轻枭地拂打着水面,泛起阵阵涟漪……

村里人正歇晌,一片静谧。空气中飘散着醉人的禾香。只有阵阵噪暑的蝉声,打破了田野的寂静。

一个十八九岁的女学生,顺着一条庄稼小道,走到河岸边上的柳林里来。由于人声的惊动,蝉声停止了,一只鸟儿突地从林子里飞了出去。这女学生身材袅娜,漆黑的短发前,留着齐眉的刘海儿。身着一件女学生们爱穿的月白竹布短旗袍,脚上是短袜套,圆口带袢儿的黑布鞋。模样儿朴素大方。她迈着轻捷的步子走到岸边,在一个沙丘上坐下,呆呆地望着河水凝神沉思。

永定河卷着泥沙奔腾咆哮的景象不见了,此刻,缓慢地潺潺地流着。静静的流水,淡淡的白云,多么象这位姑娘脸上宁静的沉思啊!她双眼凝视着不停逝去的流水,若有所思地许久没有动弹。

忽然,一双手蒙住了姑娘的眼睛。姑娘用手在上面打了一下,轻声笑道:

“苗苗,你怎么不睡午觉?”

苗苗放开手,咯咯地笑起来:

“明姐,那你怎么也不睡午觉?一个人偷着跑到河边来干嘛?是来欣赏风景呢?还是来作诗呢?还是来……”

高个儿的柳明,对胖胖的苗虹微微一笑,歪着脑袋认真地说:

“苗苗,我什么时候想过作诗来?我现在真想安静地想点问题。早晨散步时,看中了这地方,晌午睡不着,就跑来了。”

苗虹孩子似的蹦跳了一下,挨着柳明坐下来。手臂搭在朋友的肩膀上,睁大洋娃娃一般亮晶晶的眼睛,惊奇地问:

“明姐,你在想什么问题,想得这么神秘?还要找个安静的地方,还要望着河水出神……”

“傻丫头什么都问,总是多嘴多舌的!就是不告诉你。”

“不行!”苗虹手一甩,窜到一棵柳树旁,跺着脚,佯作生气地喊道,“明姐,你不要告诉我呀,我可不饶你!”

柳明站起身,缓步走到苗虹身边,明亮的大眼睛依然沉思地望着河水。半天,才扭过头对身边的苗虹轻声说:

“苗苗,学校提前放了暑假。课停了,实验室的门全锁上了。进不了课堂的门,我着急呀……”

“哎呀呀……”苗虹没有等柳明说完,用力揪下一根柳条,向朋友的身上拂了一下,“瞧你,瞧你!一心想登医学的圣坛,都想迷了!你迷也不成,急也不成,还是跟白士吾玩玩乐乐,象我跟高雍雅—不是因为你,我可舍不得离开他……”

柳明瞟了苗虹一眼,细白的手指刮在腮边:

“脸皮有铜钱厚。你快回城里去吧,别叫高雍雅骂我。”

“他骂你,我不骂你我可舍不得离开你。姐姐,愁什么!咱们都该骂小日本—咱们有机会也去参加抗日活动好么?”苗虹抱住柳明的肩膀,一脸的孩子气。

“看你想得多简单。”柳明怔怔地盯着苗虹。她的眼睛没有苗虹大,可是清澈、明亮,好象湖水般荡漾着魅人的光泽。“苗苗,时局越来越紧张了,就像有的同学说,华北虽大,已经安放不下一张平静的书桌了。我是学医的,日夜都盼望着自己……可是,你看,不管报纸上怎么宣传,学校的重要仪器,暑假前就装箱南运了。没有仪器怎么做实验?学业停下来,一事无成,我怎么对得起省吃俭用供我们上学的父亲?”

苗虹忽闪着大眼睛,好像没听懂似的,看着柳明忧心忡忡的神态,反而顽皮地笑了:

“明姐,瞧你!真是‘杞人忧天’。中国这么大,就算日本鬼子打来了,咱们照样也有地方上学呀!爸爸说过,如果日本人进攻华北,他就带全家上南方去。国民党里他认识人,到那边还照样可以当教授。我们和他一起到南方上大学,不是一样么?”

“不。”柳明摇头,“我留在北平,哪儿也不去。你想,我爸爸教小学挣那么点薪水,一家子糊口都困难。我现在上大学,还得靠教家馆挣几块钱补贴家用。到别处去,丢下父母弟弟,我怎么忍心?再说到别处去吃什么?更甭说上学了。”

苗虹睁大眼睛望着柳明,若有所思地说:

“明姐,你说的也许对。瞧我—我就从来没有想过在生活上的困难……这样好吧?你不跟我上南方去,我就跟你留在北平。反正我不离开你—你到哪儿,我跟你到哪儿。”

柳明微微一笑:

“你说的不是真心话!你跟着我,那么—你的哪位高雍雅呢?你一天不见他,就念叨他多少遍……你舍得离开他?”

苗红轻轻地打了柳明一下,瞪圆了眼睛:

“我跟他好的程度,可不如跟你。明姐,你相信他是在真心爱我么?”

  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-09-06 14:33   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

14楼

The willows bythe river of YongDing turned green and prosper. When a clear wind blew the flexible willow branches and leaves patted the water surface and stirred up ripples after ripples……

The village men were taking the nap and everywhere was in silence. Green fragrance of growing rice was sweetly spreading over in the air. Only waves of cicadas voice could be heard, which broke the quietness of the fields.

A girl student of eighteen or nineteen was walking along the path in the rice paddies and gradually reached the willow woods by the river. The sound of human stopped the cicada voice and a bird suddenly flied out from the trees. The girl is slender with short cut black hair curved in the forehead to her brows. She wore starched light blue cheongsam that was fashionable with girls of the time, a pair of socks and pair of black shoes with a belt across for each. The girl dressed herself simply. She reached the dyke in her light steps and sat herself on the sand dune looking into the water and meditating.

The roaring river YongDing with its muddy water has disappeared by nowit flows slowly andtranquilly. How the tranquil flow and the light colored clouds above looks likethe manner of the girl’s calm meditation— her peaceful look on the face withher eyes gazing at the current freezing there for long.  

Suddenly a pair of hands screened her eyes. The girl patted on the hands lightly and smiled to say:

“Little Miao,why don’t you take the nap?”

Miao released her hands, she giggled and said:

“Then, why don’tyou take the nap? Sister Ming. Why should you steal your way here by the river?You are here to appreciate the scene, to make a poem or something else?”

The tall LiuMing smiled to the fat MiaoHong slanting her head slightly to one side and said seriously:

“Little Miao,when did I ever think of making a poem? I just want to think over something peacefully. I discovered this place in my morning walk and when I can not fall asleep at noon I went here.”

MiaoHong jumped up like a child, then sit side by side with LiuMing. She laid her hand on the friend, open wide her doll-like glittering eyes and asked in surprise:

“Sister Ming,what are you thinking about? Anything mysterious that you should find a quiet place as this and fixing your eyes on the water……”

“Silly girl, how should you have such a loose tongue and inquire of everything? I won’t tell you.”

“Don’t behavelike this please, I beg you Sister Ming. Please tell me or I won’t let you go!”MiaoHong took her hand away and slipped to stand by a willow stamping her foot to pretend being in anger.

LiuMing stood upthen walked slowly to Miao, her big glittering eyes still fixed on the water meditating. After a long while did she turn to MiaoHong who stood by her side and said in soft voice

Little Miao, the school had summer vacation in advance, the classes shut and the laboratory locked. I can’tget into the classroom that’s why I am worried.”

“Look! Look!”LiuMing intervened in before MiaoHong finished with her words. She pinched on a willow branch and slightly stroked on her friend: “You determined to step on the altar of medicine and got crazy in it! But it won’t do how crazy you are. Please go and enjoy yourself with BaiWuShi just like what GaoYongYa and I did. If it is not for you I won’t grudge to depart him……”

LiuMing took aside glance on Miao, scratching her slim and white fingers on the cheek and said:

“How cheeky you are! Get back to your city life then. Don’t let your boy friend scold on me.”

“He may scold onyou but I won’t. I can’t grudge the pain to leave you. Sister, don’t worry! We should blame the Jap. Why not take the opportunity to take part in the anti-Japanese activity? ”MiaoHong dragged on LiuMing’s arm all naïve in the face.

“How simple minded you are!” Liu looked back seriously. Her eyes are not as big as Miao’s but clear and crystal rippling with glaze like a lake flashing with sunlight: “Little Miao, the situation are turning worse. It just like some of our classmates said: north Chinais big but not big enough to set up a desk to read quietly. I major in medicine and expect day and night that I can…… But just look! In spite of the propaganda on newspaper the important medical instruments had been incased and transported to the south before the vacation. Without those instruments how can we do laboratory? If we stopped the learning everything will be in vain and how canwe face our mother and father who saved the money for our learning?”

MiaoHong is blinking her eyes as if she did not understand the word. Insight of LiuMing’s worried look she smiled naughtily instead:

“Sister Ming, Just look! You worry the things that do not concern us. China is so big even if the Jap invaded here we still should have somewhere to continue our study. My father said it Japanese invaded north China he would go to the south with all our family. He knew someone in the GuoMingDang party and he still can workas a professor there. Is it all the same if we follow him south to study?”

“No, it’s not the same.”LiuMing shook her head, “Iwill stay in north China.I won’t move anywhere else. Just think. My father earn so little as a primary school teacher and it is difficult to feed the household. I had to teach as a governor and earn a few coppers to make up for my family expense. How can I be so hard hearted to throw away my parents and brother to go elsewhere? Further more how can I make a living there, never mention to go to school.”

MiaoHong keep her eyes wide open and stared LiuMingas if in the thinking. She said:

“Sister Ming, maybe you are right. Look. I had not thought of the difficulties in life……Ok. You need not follow me south. I will stay with you in BeiPing. Anyhow I would not separate with youand I would follow you wherever you go.”

LiuMing smiled a little and said:

“These words are not from the bottom of your heart.I you follow me then what about your Mr. GaoYongYa? You utter his name several times a day if you did not see him. Can you grudge the pain to depart him?”

MiaoHong slightly patted on LiuMing, she said with her eyes wide open:

“My attachment to him can not be compared by the attachment to you. Sister Ming, do you believe that he really love me?”




[ 本帖最后由 九州方圆44 于 2016-9-6 14:40 编辑 ]
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-09-06 14:40   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

15楼

Analysis: The setting indicate the year should be around 1937, for the Japanese had not invaded north China but already hold the north east three provinces in their hand. Why the author said: “China is big but not big enough to set up a desk for reading?” When the invader come everything will be impossible even if there could be school they will practice the enslaved education to eliminate the national spirit. MiaoHong is an immature girl by then, she can’t understand the situation. But LiuMing is much elder she can partially know the after affect. Yes, Miao can move to south China to continue learning but the idea is naïve for Japan want to invade whole China.      
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-09-06 19:53   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

16楼

"I had to teach as a governor."(F)
"I had to teach as a governess" (T)
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-09-07 15:42   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

17楼

“相信。他爱你,我知道你也爱他……”说着露出洁白的牙齿和一个好看的小酒窝。柳明笑了。


柳明是北平医学院二年级的学生。父亲柳青泉是个贫苦的小学教员,本来供不起女儿上大学,可是柳明求学心切,一心想毕业后当个高明的医生,或者当个医学院的教授,所以当她十七岁高中毕业那年,就自己托同学找了个家馆,给有钱人家的孩子补习功课,每月挣几块钱来补助学费。艰难的生活,想当教授、学者的理想促使她刻苦用功,发奋学习。但是,随着“九·一八”事变,日本帝国主义入侵中国;尤其经过有名的“一二·九”学生运动之后,柳明除了仍旧用功学习外,也开始关心国家大事了。她和苗虹还一同参加过北平学联和二十九军进步军官一同举办的学生军事训练。

苗虹是柳明中学时的同学,在北平艺术专科学校声乐系学习声乐。父亲苗振宇是留学日本的医学博士,现在是北平医学院的教授。柳明经常向苗虹的父亲请教些医学上的问题,也就和苗虹更加要好。柳明学习努力,做事认真,性情温静,对苗虹总像个大姐姐。因此,天真热情的苗虹就非常喜爱起柳明来。

柳明的母亲是卢沟桥附近小柳庄一个农民家庭的女儿。学校提前放暑假后,柳明心里烦闷,就邀苗虹一同到姥姥家来住些天。苗虹在城市里呆腻了,也愿到农村见识见识。乍到乡村,那充满诗情画意的自然风光吸引着她,于是,热情的姑娘,时常拉着要好的朋友,到河岸边、柳林里、沙丘上,散步呀,唱歌呀,沉迷在大自然的美景中。她的嗓子好、音域宽,好唱《松花江上》、《毕业歌》、《新女性》、《马赛曲》、《保卫马德里》和《渔光曲》这些悲壮的歌曲,常常高兴起来,就向邻居的姑娘们唱;有时也独自唱;或者两个朋友一同唱起来。过路的或下地的农民和小孩,常常用惊异的目光,看着这两个城市女学生的异常神态,可是她们却“我行我素”,毫不在乎。

今天,柳明怀着愁闷的心情,一个人跑到河边的沙丘上,苗虹也追了上来。

正当她们坐下来,兴奋而又忧虑地漫谈时,远处蜿蜒在高粱、玉米叶子当中的一条小道上,一个十八、九岁的农村大姑娘,背着打草的筐子,脑后甩着一条又粗又黑的大辫子,冲着她俩跑来。一边跑,一边用清脆的声音喊道:

“明姐姐,苗妹妹,你们在哪儿哪?石姥姥急着找你们哩!”

打草的姑娘身穿粉红色带花点的大襟单褂,浅月白色的布裤子,脚上一双扎花儿的黑布鞋。看着姑娘跑到河边,苗虹轻轻拉起柳明,俩人躲到一棵大树后面藏了起来。

走进来的姑娘姓周,名香兰。她背着半框青草在河边上东瞧西看了一阵子,不见人影儿。忽然,听见苗虹咯咯的笑声,急忙放下草筐跑了过来,轻轻在苗虹细嫩白净的脸蛋上捏了一把,努着小嘴说:

“你们这两个丫头,真调皮!大热天叫我好找。你们躲藏起来干什么?怕老猫把你们抓去喂了耗子?”

这个姑娘是柳明姥姥家的邻居,从小和柳明一起长大。柳明虽然成了大学生,但对这童年时代的伙伴,仍然怀着深厚的友情。苗虹因为和柳明要好,也就喜欢起聪明美丽的香兰来。

苗虹得意地摇晃着脑袋说:

“香兰,你石姥姥找我们有什么事儿呀?你明天要当新娘子了,今天还不赶紧去准备嫁妆,背着个筐子打什么草呀!”

香兰霎时绯红了脸,捶着苗虹的脊背喘吁吁地说:

“石姥姥给你找了个好女婿,叫你去相看哩!快跟我回去,要不,人家走了就见不着了。”

听了香兰的话,苗虹反而用小手一下一下打着拍子笑嘻嘻地回答:

“给我找女婿呀?石姥姥还挺疼我哩!我爸爸妈妈替我找过好多些个,我一个都不要。这个小女婿呀,得我自己相中了、喜欢他了才算数。香兰姐,你那新浪王永泰,不也是你自己相中的么?明儿个,我跟明姐一定上你婆家去喝你的喜酒。你只有一个公公,没有婆婆对吧?”

大姑娘的脸突然象一朵刚刚绽放的红玫瑰。一双灵活的大眼睛忽闪着,一边惊讶地望着苗虹和站在一旁只是微笑的柳明,一边轻轻用二拇指在自己的脸上向苗虹搔划着羞她。

“自个儿找爱人有什么可羞的,你这个封建大姑娘!”苗虹满不在乎地向香兰嘻嘻笑着。

“姥姥找我们有什么事?”柳明这才开口问香兰。

“石姥姥怕你们两个大姑娘在歇晌没人时候到处乱跑,万一碰着坏人,不放心,急得直转磨儿。我就忙着找你们来了。两位姑奶奶快跟我回家吧!”

“怕什么!你瞧这儿多安静,咱们再呆一会儿好么?”柳明央求起香兰来。

香兰点点头:“也好,我今个再多割点草,也好喂那一条驴腿。”



  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-09-07 15:43   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

18楼

“I do believe. He loves you and I know you love him……”LiuMing showed her white tooth and a dimple in the talking. She smiled.

LiuMing is a sophomore at BeiPing medical academy. Her father LiuQing is poor primary school teacher. He can’t afford his daughter’s cost and fee in the academy in the beginning. But LiuMing is so anxious to learn and desired to be a practiced doctor or a professor in the medical academy. So at her sixteen when she graduated from senior high school she took to governess work by the introduction of her classmate to teach children from rich families, through which she earned a few extra pennies every month to make up for the family expense. The hardship of making a living, the ideal of becoming a professor and scholar, all these made her study hard. But after September the 18th incident when the Japanese imperialists invaded China and especially through December the 9th students demonstration, LiuMing started to care for national affairs while insisted her hard study. She had even joined the student’s union and took part in a military drill held together with the soldiers and officers from 29th Route Army along with MiaoHong.

MiaoHong is a high school classmate of LiuMing. She majors in vocal music and study at BeiPing Art Academy. Her father is a medical doctor who had studied in Japan and now works as professor in BeiPing Medical Academy. LiuMing often went to him for reference concerning medicine, for which she developed a closer tie to MiaoHong. Liu behave like an elder sister, she studies hard, commit things carefully and keeps her temple gentle. All these qualities made the innocent and enthusiastic MiaoHong keen to her.   

LiuMing’s mother is a daughter from a peasant’s family who dwell themselves at village XiaoLiu near the LuGou Bridge. When the school had the vacation in advance the depressed LiuMing decided to go to her grandmother’s family for a few days and invited MiaoHong to accompany her. MiaoHong had got bored with city life and willing to go to the rural place to extend her view. As she firstly came to the village, the poetic nature scene attracted her much. So the enthusiastic girl often drew some of her friends and went to the dykes, the willow woods or the sand dunes for singing or for a walk. She got lost in the amazement of the beauty from nature. The girl had a round voice and wide range of vocal sound. She loves singing On the River SongHua, the Anthem for Graduation, Women in the New Trend, Marseillaise, Defend Madrid, the Anthem of the Fishmen. All these are splendid pathetic anthems and she often took delights in singing to neighboring girls. Some times singing solo and sometimes singing in pair. The by passing peasants and their children frequently threw astonished glance at these two girl students who came from the city and who wore strange expression on their faces. But the two of them just behave themselves and cared nothing.

Today the depressed LiuMing walked to the sand dune by riverside singly then MiaoHong followed up.

They had not sit down for an anxious and melancholy talk when a peasant girl at eighteen or nineteen was running towards them on the zigzagging path among sorghum and corn leaves with a basket for gathering hay on her back. The girl has a thick and black pigtail also and she is shouting with her crisp voice in her running:

“Sister Ming, sister Miao. Where are you now? Grandma Shi is anxious to find you two!”

The hay gathering girl is in a pink wide neck-lined shirt with spotted flower prints, pale green trousers and a pair of black shoes made of cloth with a bunch of flow embroidered. Perceiving the girl running towards them, LiuMing slightly dragged on MiaoHong and the two hided themselves behind a big tree.

The incoming girl was named ZhouXiangLan. She had a half basket of hay on her back looking here and there on the bank but could not find a figure. Suddenly she heard the giggling of MiaoHong and laid down her basket approaching us in a run. The girl pinched slightly on the white and tender cheek of Miao then said with her mouth pout:

“The two naughty girls of you, I exhausted in finding you in such a hot day. Why should you hide? Are you afraid of being caught by devious cat like the mouse’s worry? ”

This girl is a neighbor of LiuMing’s grandma. She grew up together with LiuMing. Though LiuMing had turned into a university student, she still harbored thick friendship with her childhood fellow. Through the favorable feeling towards LiuMing, MiaoHong also began to like this beautiful girl.

MiaoHong looked pleased and said:

“XiangLan. Why should grandma Shi seek us? Tomorrow you would get married and be a bride. How can you not hurry home and prepare for your dowry? How can you still be here gathering the hay?”

XiangLan’s face suddenly turned red. She punched the back of MiaoHong and gasp out:

“Grandma Shi had find husband for you and call for you to meet him! Follow me home or you will miss him.”

Hearing what XiangLan said, instead of angry, MiaoHong beat the time in tune, smiled and said:

“Find me a husband? Grandma Shi cares me so much! My parents had find me too many but I refused all. This small husband, I had to find for myself. He will be counted only when
I love him. Sister XiangLan, did you find your husband that WangYongTai for yourself? Tomorrow my sister and I will go to your husband’s home for the feast. You only have a grandpa, is that so?”

The face of the girl flushed like a red rose. Her nimble eyes were blinking the moment when she stared astonishingly at MiaoHong and the LiuMing who just stand by smiling. The girl laid the index finger on face and slightly scratched to make MiaoHong shamed.

“To find a husband for yourself is nothing shameful, you feudalist elder sister!” Miao smirked. She does not mind.

“Why grandma is seeking us?” not until this moment did LiuMing opened her mouth to ask XiangLan.

“Grandma is afraid that you might encounter evil man if you run about in the time for taking the nap when there is no one around to care. She is walking like ants in worry. So I am here to find you. The naughty girls of you two please follow me home.”

“What are you afraid for? Look. How tranquil it is here. Let’s stay a little longer.” LiuMing Begged

XiangLan nodded her head and said: “Ok. So that I can gather much more hay for the family.”

Analysis: It becomes clearer that the setting is somewhere near LuGou Bridge. The story begin with several happy and naïve girls, among them LiuMing had initially developed a sense of patriotism and she had an aim and social ideas. MiaoHong also could be counted as female in the new trend but only in the selection of husband. Beside this she took all things too easily, she did not seem to know that new trend can not be attained without struggle and there is a national catastrophe ahead.   


  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-09-07 21:34   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

19楼

hay(F)grass(T)
gathering(F)reaping(T)
  TOP
头像
九州方圆44  中级会员   发表于:2016-09-07 21:38   只看该作者
发帖 1097    精华:0   注册时间:2016-2-16    发短消息        

20楼

苗虹没理会她们的谈话,却东一下西一下采摘起岸边盛开着的各色野花来。她一边摘,一边小声对柳明说:

“香兰姐明天就要当新娘子了。咱们给她编个美丽的花环,送给她戴好吧?”

柳明没理会苗虹,冲着正伏身在河边割草的香兰低声说:

“兰姐,这兵荒马乱的,干嘛这么快就成亲?你十八岁,家里又没有爸爸你妈多需要你帮着过日子……”

香兰听柳明说的是真心话,稍稍忧郁地低声回答:

“正因这兵荒马乱的,我妈留着大闺女在家不放心,这才愿意叫我快点过门去……明姐姐,我真不舍得你……”香兰说着,直起腰来,把流下的泪水用衣襟擦去。

柳明呆呆地望着香兰,心里涌起股股惜别之情:以后再回姥姥家,就难得再见这从小一起长大的伙伴了。

“那你就去吧!你不是说跟永泰挺有感情嘛,那,我祝愿你们白头到老……”

香兰红着脸向柳明点点头,深情地感谢她的祝福。惜别的泪水又挂在腮边,柳明用洁白的手绢替她拭去。

柳枝随风荡漾着,永定河水无声地流着,歇晌的农村午后,除了蝉鸣就是花香,再就是香兰那握着镰刀的手,在青草丛中发出的唰唰响声。

一个别致的小花环编成了。苗虹捧着花环,蹑手蹑脚地走到香兰身后,突然举起花环向她头上一戴。

香兰吓了一跳,跳起来扭过身子,把头上的花环拿下来,扔给苗虹:

“你这该死的丫头,又捣鬼了!”

苗虹举着花环左看右看,还用鼻子嗅着浓郁的香气。

“你明天就要当新娘子了,我给你编个花环,多好看哪!戴上它,比戴凤冠霞帔漂亮多了!”说着,苗虹举着花环又往香兰的头上戴。

香兰笑着,躲着,背起沉甸甸的青草筐扭身往回跑。

柳明一把拉住她,夺过她的草筐,背在自己身上,皱了皱眉头,瞅着苗虹说:

“苗苗,不要淘气了!人家心里都怪难过的,瞧你还这么开心。”

苗虹见柳明说她,一赌气把花环扔到河水里,噘着嘴跟在她们身后走了一段路。忽然,咳嗽一声,一阵清脆的歌声传来了过来:

“美丽的新娘爱着那年轻的新郎,

多少只眼睛向你们投去祝福的目光。

幸福啊,欢乐啊,象一道道温暖的阳光,

永远,永远照耀在你们小小的茅屋顶上茅屋顶上……”

“你这贫嘴丫头,什么茅屋顶上?……”香兰不识字,不能完全听懂苗虹唱的歌词。但她明白这是为她祝福的歌儿。她心儿怦怦跳着,嫩秀的脸又变成了一朵玫瑰花。

“苗苗,你也作起诗歌来啦?一定是高雍雅教给你的……”

“不许你再说他!你不知道他在我心里是多么神圣……”不等柳明说完,苗虹急忙用手捂着柳明的嘴。一刹那,她的脸也变成了一朵红玫瑰。



TOP
发新话题
查看积分策略说明

快速回复主题

[完成后可按 Ctrl+Enter 发布]  预览帖子  恢复数据  清空内容

 使用个人签名
  用户名: 密码:    注册  找回密码